International Construction Measurement Standards (ICMS)


What is the International Construction Measurement Standards (ICMS)?

The International Construction Measurement Standards (ICMS) is a cost classification system which provides a structure and format for classifying, defining, measuring, analysing and presenting construction costs that will provide consistency and transparency across international boundaries.

It was launched recently by the International Construction Measurement Standards Coalition which is represented by a wide range of professional organisations around the world such as the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS)Australian Institute of Quantity Surveyors (AIQS)Indian Institute of Quantity Surveyors (IIQS)Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE) to name a few.

The ICMS can be downloaded here.

Why was it launched?  Continue reading


Insurances in Construction Industry

What is an Insurance?

An Insurance is a contract between two parties i.e. the insurance company (insurer) and the policy holder (insured). Under this contract, the insurer agrees to cover the losses faced by the insured in the event of some incidents which result in damages to the insured. The insured pays certain amount to the insurer known as premium.

Why is Insurance necessary in a construction project?

Construction projects are complex in nature and highly at risk of accidents resulting in damages to the property, machinery and most importantly to human life. In the event of such unforeseen incidents, the liable parties will be required to compensate the aggrieved parties. So in order to minimize this risk, the parties in a construction project get themselves insured by taking up various types of insurances.

What are the different types of Insurances on a construction project?

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Management Contracting Procurement Route

What is a Management Contracting Procurement Route?

In this route, the client hires a Management Contractor to manage the entire building process who in turn hires works contractors to carry out the construction works. The Management Contractor is paid a fee over and above the construction costs. As compared to the Construction Management procurement route, where the Construction Manager does not have any direct contractual links with the trade contractors, in this route the Management Contractor has a direct contractual link with the works contractors and is responsible for the overall construction works. The design is done by a design team hired by the client and so the client bears the risk for the design. Continue reading

Construction Management Procurement Route

What is a Construction Management Procurement Route?

In this route, the client hires a Construction Manager to manage and collaborate the overall design and construction activities. The design is carried out by a designer hired by the client and construction is done by trade contractors who are also hired by the client. The construction manager provides only their professional construction expertise and do not assume any financial risk. Client bears most of the construction risk. They should also have competent project management staff who are closely involved in each stages of design and construction. So this route is not suitable for an inexperienced client. Continue reading

Design & Build procurement route

What is a Design & Build procurement route?

Unlike the Traditional procurement route, where the design and construction responsibilities are separated, in the Design & Build procurement route, both these responsibilities are assigned to one single contractor. The reason for choosing this procurement route is when the client wishes to have one contractor as the single point of responsibility for design as well as construction. So the contractor bears the risk of designing and constructing the project, usually for a fixed lump sum price.

As a result, the design and construction phases are overlapped enabling the construction to begin before detailed design is complete, thus, leading to reduction in the overall duration of the project. Continue reading

Traditional procurement route (‘remeasurement’ or ‘measure and value’)

What is a Traditional procurement route (‘remeasurement’ or ‘measure and value’)?

Same as in a Traditional procurement route (Lumpsum), the Client appoints the design team prior to the appointment of the contractor. The remeasurement option is used when the design is substantially completed but final detail is pending. So there is an overlap in the design and construction process. Contract sum is established only after completion of construction after remeasuring the works on an agreed basis. Continue reading

Traditional procurement route (Lumpsum)

What is a Traditional procurement route (Lumpsum)?

In a Traditional procurement route, the Client appoints the design team prior to the appointment of the contractor. In the Lumpsum option, the design is finished before the tendering process begins. Basically it follows a sequential nature of strategy i.e. design is completed first followed by tendering and then the construction. Based on the completed design, the contractor agrees to complete the project at an agreed sum. Continue reading